土耳其旅遊記 – 迷人的伊茲米爾 / Turkey Travel Blog – The Gorgeous Izmir City

 

土耳其旅遊記 – 迷人的伊茲米爾 / Turkey Travel Blog – The Gorgeous Izmir City

(Scroll down for English Version / 英文版向下看)

( 英譯:殘編/ English translation by Tanya)

繞了土耳其一圈,除了伊斯坦堡之外,至今仍縈繞在我腦海裡的還有一座可愛的城市–伊茲米爾Izmir)。
伊茲米爾人稱「愛琴海新娘」、「愛琴海珍珠」。它雖是土耳其的第三大城、第二大港,在我們眼裡卻是一座融合傳統與現代、小而美的城市,在這兒會感覺無比的悠閒與自在。

English Version / 英文版:
After touring around Turkey, there is still a lovely city that lingers in my mind besides Istanbul, that city is called Izmir.
Izmir is as known as the “Aegean Sea Bride” or “Aegean Pearl.” Although it is ranked Turkey‘s third most populous city and second-largest container port, in our eyes, it is a gorgeous small city with a blend of tradition and modernity. Visitors can feel completely relaxed and at ease here.

雖然在希臘旅遊時曾經對無所不在的羅馬古蹟感到厭倦,在伊茲米爾市中心看到希臘人遺留下的遺蹟卻有不同的感覺;我們到戶外博物館Agora Open Air Museum走一趟,博物館分成三層,可以推溯到西元前四世紀的羅馬建築,當時此地是會議中心、法庭。繞行此景時,走過一連串石頭堆砌的拱門走道,看到許多希臘人遺留下來的石頭藝術雕像,包含希臘神話裡的海神po-se-da-wo-ne、掌管農業並賜予大地生機的女神Demeter。

English Version / 英文版:
Even when traveling in Greece, I was tired of the omnipresent Roman monuments. However, visiting the remains of the Ancient Greek and Roman times in Izmir is not exhausting at all. We went to the Agora Open Air Museum, an outdoor museum with a unique three-floor design. It can be traced back to Roman architecture in the 4th century BC when it was a government place used for political meetings and people’s courts. When walking through a row of stone columns and arches, we saw many stone sculptures left by the Greeks, including the God of sea Poseidon (po-se-da-wo-ne) in Greek mythology, and Demeter, the goddess of the harvest, agriculture, and presides over grains and the fertility of the earth.

  • 伊茲米爾大鐘塔 / Izmir Clock Tower:

Izmir Clock Tower
(By User:Sailko – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Izmir,_torre_dell%27orologio_03.JPG, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=41804823)

走出博物館時大夥兒便開始找餐館,沒想到絲毫不費工夫便鑽進一家餐館補充體力,小歇後繼續走到1901年建築的伊茲米爾大鐘塔。鐘塔位於伊茲米爾城的中心點,是為了慶祝Abdul-Hamid II蘇丹統治鄂圖曼土耳其二十五周年而委請法國設計師建造。塔高二十五公尺,終年都在運作。聽說二十世紀七十年代的大地震曾經讓這座鐘停擺過一次,也是這座老鐘唯一的故障紀錄。這個大鐘塔廣場可通達伊茲米爾的各個著名觀光景點。

English Version / 英文版:
Hunger hits after a tour around the museum. Luckily, it wasn’t hard looking for a restaurant to replenish our energy. After a short break, we continued to walk to the Izmir Clock Tower, a landmark built in 1901. The clock tower is located at the bustling Konak Square of Izmir. The clock tower was designed by a French architect to commemorate the 25th anniversary of Abdul Hamid II‘s accession to the throne. The structure is 25 meters (82 ft) high and operates all year round. An earthquake in the 1970s caused this clock to stop working for once and for once only. This historic landmark is also a hub to reach various travel destinations in Izmir.

  • 伊茲米爾大電梯 / Asansör Elevator – Izmir’s Historic Landmark:

Travek Turkey_Asansor Izmir Big Elevator
伊茲米爾大電梯 / Asansor Izmir Big Elevator
(By Yabancı – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=10342194)

我們也慕名來到伊茲米爾大電梯,伊茲米爾住宅區的地形高高低低,許多房屋建築在山坡上。1907年有一個富人為了幫助當地居民免去爬坡的辛勞,蓋了一座大電梯,最初是使用水力運作,後來才改為用電力,可以從山坡下直抵坡上,也促進了遊客到山上遊覽與休憩的意願。說來好笑,這種電梯建築形狀我們也曾在二十一世紀台灣某所大學的校園裡見過,只是使用率真有天壤之別。

English Version / 英文版:
We also came to Asansör, another historic landmark of Izmir. This is a famous big elevator in Izmir. Izmir‘s residential area terrain includes a steep cliff that barriers two parts of the city. Many houses are built on the hillside. In 1907, a wealthy man built this large elevator as a work of public service to ease access from the coastline to the hillside. At first, it was operated by hydraulic power, then replaced by electricity later. Besides providing easy access between the lower and upper streets, the elevator also serves as a destination landmark that boosts tourism. What’s ironic is this type of elevator was also seen on a university campus in Taiwan in the 21st century. However, the purpose was completely different.

  • 希臘古城以弗所:古世界七大奇景之一 / Ephesus: the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

以弗所:古世界七大奇景之一 / Ephesus: the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World
以弗所:古世界七大奇景之一 / Ephesus: the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World
(By Benh LIEU SONG – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15578063)

我們繼續到公元前十世紀建築的希臘古城以弗所Ephesus),這古城是安納托利亞最大的希臘古城,古人稱它為「亞洲第一都」。裡面有教堂、神廟遺址,當然有許多希臘石雕神像。古城裡的阿提密絲女神神廟Temple of Artemis)被列為古世界七大奇景之一。神殿因天災人禍數度被毀,至今尚未被挖掘,今日觀光客僅能見到一根高聳的石柱代表其遺址。儘管如此,每年約有兩百萬觀光客來看此神廟遺址,許多人是經由水路而來。

English Version / 英文版:
The next stop on our itinerary was the ancient Greek city of Ephesus, built in the 10th century BC. This ancient city is the largest ancient Greek city in Anatolia. The ancients called it “The Capital of Asia.” There are ruins of churches, temples, and of course, many Greek stone statues. The nearby Temple of Artemis is listed as one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. The temple was destroyed several times by both natural and man-made disasters. To this day, the site has not been restored. Today, tourists can only see a remaining stone pillar. Despite the fact that only fragments remain at the site, the landmark still attracts around two million tourists and history junkies to visit this site each year.

  • 迷人的大自然景點:伊茲米爾「噴泉城」/ Çeşme, The “Fountain City,” Izmir’s Picturesque Landscape

伊茲米爾「噴泉城」/ Çeşme, The "Fountain City," Izmir's Picturesque Landscape
伊茲米爾「噴泉城」/ Çeşme, The “Fountain City,” Izmir’s Picturesque Landscape (By 35_egeturk, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=53790407)

我們喜歡的伊茲米爾更在於它優美的海岸和大自然。沿岸到處可見橄欖樹和松樹,還有街道兩旁整齊的棕櫚樹,無論是夜晚或是白晝的景色都讓人難忘。
俗稱「噴泉城」是伊茲米爾以自然景觀著稱的景點,它幾乎就是浸在愛琴海上的小半島,因為城裡有許多的鄂圖曼土耳其式的噴泉而得名,除了看到許多的小遊艇之外,還有具歷史意義的古堡遺跡。

English Version / 英文版:
Another thing we like about Izmir is its beautiful coastline and nature. Trees line along the sea coast. The scenery at night or day is unforgettable.
On the tip of the peninsula is a scenic coastal town called Çeşme,” “Çeşme” means “fountain,” and the name draws reference from the city’s many Ottoman fountains. We saw yachts and the remains of historic castles in this town.

  • 伊茲米爾「鳥樂園」/ Izmir’s Bird Paradise:

2012年伊茲米爾建造一座人工湖,稱為「鳥樂園」,附近因有平原、沼澤、海水,棲息著兩百多種鳥類,包含許多的候鳥。這裡可以看到大批的紅鶴,壯觀無比。此景讓人想到沙烏地阿卜哈國家公園裡峽谷中翱翔的老鷹也有數百種,鳥兒也跟人一樣必須擇鄰而居。這座湖裡還可以看到各式各樣的魚類。
或許來到伊茲米爾,你會因到處美不勝收而忘記去購物,實際上這裡也有許多的傳統市集,供人順手買一些具特色的伴手禮回家。

English Version / 英文版:
In 2012, Izmir built an artificial island called “Bird Paradise.” The ideal habitat successfully attracts over 200 species of birds, including migratory birds and a vast number of flamingos. The scene reminds us of the hundreds of eagles species soaring the gorge of Abha‘s National Park in Saudi Arabia. The lake on this island is also home to All kinds of fish.
However, be careful not to get too carried away by the picturesque scenery and forget to do some shopping. Because visiting the traditional markets is a must for buying unique souvenirs.

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