An Introduction to French Cuisine and its History – 2 / 法國料理的介紹及歷史演變 -第2章

An Introduction to French Cuisine and its History – 2 / 法國料理的介紹及歷史演變 -第2章


(中文版向下看 / Scroll down for Chinese version)

  • How did Italian Cuisine influence French Cuisine? /義大利料理是如何影響法國料理的?

An Introduction to French Cuisine and its History - 2 / 法國料理的介紹及歷史演變 -第2章
An Introduction to French Cuisine and its History – 2 / 法國料理的介紹及歷史演變 -第2章

When French royal heiress Henry II married Florance Italian noble Catherine De Medici in the 1500s, the new queen decided to bring her chefs to Paris with her. So before then, the techniques in Italian Cuisine were the front-runner among the two. Italian Cuisine influenced French Cuisine and let it improve.

中文版 / Chinese version:
1500 年代,法國王室女繼承人亨利二世義大利佛羅倫斯貴族凱薩琳德麥地奇(Catherine De Medici) 結婚時,新女王決定將她的廚師們帶到巴黎。 所以在此之前,義大利菜的技術是兩者中的領跑者。 義式料理影響了法國菜並讓它改進。

Medici introduced Italian utensils like forks, knives and spoons to French Cuisine. Before that, French people were eating with their hands and hooks. Then they started to take their service tools wherever they go.
The tables became more colourful, and they began to use costly service tools. Fruits and vegetables from different regions also entered the Cuisine.
The Mediterranean influence was significant at that time, too. Ice cream, melon, watermelon, mushrooms, pasta and tarts entered the French Cuisine.


An Introduction to French Cuisine and its History - 2 / 法國料理的介紹及歷史演變 -第2章
utensils start entering French Cuisine / 法國人開始使用餐具

中文版 / Chinese version:

  • Modern French Cuisine / 現代法式料理:

Modern French Cuisine‘s most significant characteristic was eating slow and serving the courses one by one. This tradition started when King Louis 14th asked his servers to bring the dishes one by one. King Louis 14th brought the habit of serving the food one by one on the table to Versailles, a palace built for King Louis XIV near Versailles.

中文版 / Chinese version:

  • The start of the French course menu and its order / 法國料理多道菜套餐起源以及上菜順序

Chef Georges Auguste Escoffier, one of the most legendary chefs in the history of culinary arts, brought the new service system: first-soup or cold starter, then salad, then the main dish, and finally dessert or fruit, coffee and a digestive drink.
Silverware was also introduced to the tables during the reign of Louis 14th’s period.
He opened chef schools and listened to the requests of the chefs.

中文版 / Chinese version:
名廚 喬治奧古斯特埃斯科菲耶Georges Auguste Escoffier)是烹飪藝術史上的傳奇人物,領先新的用餐順序習慣:先上湯或冷盤、然後是沙拉、然後主菜、最後再上甜點或水果、咖啡和餐後飲品。

  • •Where does the word “Restaurant” come from? /「Restaurant」(餐廳)一詞是怎麼來的?

An Introduction to French Cuisine and its History - 2 / 法國料理的介紹及歷史演變 -第2章
An Introduction to French Cuisine and its History – 2 / 法國料理的介紹及歷史演變 -第2章

There have been several debates on the origin of the word “Restaurant.”
The First Opinion is that Monsieur Boulanger, a Parisian who opened a place to sell his soups in 1765. At that time, soups were called ‘restoratives,’ which means healing. So the restaurant word comes from restoratives. According to French gastronome Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin, the first restaurant was Monsieur Beauvilliersrestaurant La Grande Taverne de Londres, which opened in the late 1700s.
However, historian Rebecca Spang claims that there is no evidence of Monseuir Boulangier in any written record or book.
According to Spang, the first restaurant was established by Roze De Chantoiseau, who, by 1773, was running an establishment near the Rue St Honoré in central Paris.

中文版 / Chinese version:
關於 「Restaurant」(餐廳)一詞的起源,一直以來都有不同的說法與爭論
其中一種說法是,巴黎布朗傑先生(Monsieur Boulanger)在 1765 年開了一家賣的地方。當時被稱為restoratives(意旨:「恢復劑」),意思是治癒。所以「餐廳」一詞來自「恢復劑」。
法國美食家布里亞薩瓦蘭Brillat-Savarin)說,第一家餐廳Monsieur Beauvilliers 的「 La Grande Taverne de Londres餐廳,該餐廳於 1700 年代後期開業。
然而,歷史學家 Rebecca Spang 聲稱,在任何書面記錄或書籍中並沒有關於 Monsieur Boulanger 開業的證據。
根據Spang的說法,第一家餐廳是由 Roze De Chantoiseau 創立的,他於 1773 年在巴黎市中心的聖奧諾雷街附近經營一家餐廳

  • What is a Cordon Bleu? / • 什麼是法國料理中的「藍帶(Cordon Bleu)」?

An Introduction to French Cuisine and its History - 2 / 法國料理的介紹及歷史演變 -第2章
Cordon Bleu / 法國料理中的「藍帶(Cordon Bleu)

Henry II established Ordre du Saint-Esprit, the most prestigious and comprehensive knights organization. The members were posting a blue ribbon with a golden cross on it.
•The cooks of the organization were carrying blue ribbons, so blue ribbons became a recognized symbol in food culture.
French Cuisine means sauces. Hundreds of types of sauces are used to make the dishes tastier.

中文版 / Chinese version:
亨利二世成立了一種最負盛名、最神聖的騎士團勳章叫「聖靈勳章Ordre du Saint-Esprit)」,成員們會繫上一條帶有金色十字架的藍色絲帶。該組織的廚師都帶著藍絲帶,因此「藍帶」從此成為飲食文化中眾所皆知、公認的象徵。

  • Who Discovered the Soup? / 是誰發明「湯」(SOUP)?


An Introduction to French Cuisine and its History - 2 / 法國料理的介紹及歷史演變 -第2章
French soup / 法國洋蔥湯

Soup was first invented in French Cuisine. It was discovered by François-Pierre de La Varenne, a very famous French chef who was the chef of the bourgeoisie class.
François-Pierre de La Varenne used broth for cooking the ingredients. He boiled water and cooked the vegetables and meat in it, and converted the broth into soup.
He also inventedroux” which is the base of all sauces. It is a mixture of butter and flour that thickens the mix into a sauce when you add other ingredients. Hence, the beginning of bechamel sauce. Varenne also wrote a cookbook called Le Cuisinier Francois in 1651.
In the period of Louis XIV, dishes and sauces were named after nobles and statemen, for example:
Volovan: Duchess of Nesle
Suzette: Suzette was the lover of Gal Prince
Chateaubriand: Poet Chateaubriand
Melba: Austrian Soprano Nellie Melba

An Introduction to French Cuisine and its History - 2 / 法國料理的介紹及歷史演變 -第2章
Chateaubriand / 夏多布里昂

中文版 / Chinese version:
最早出現在法國菜中,它是由法國著名的資產階級廚師François-Pierre de La Varenne研發的。
François-Pierre de La Varenne 使用肉汁來烹飪食材,他將水燒開,將蔬菜和肉放入其中煮熟,然後將原本的肉汁轉化為「」。
他還發明了作為所有醬汁的原料,叫「roux」的麵糊。「roux」是黃油和麵粉混合出來的,當加入其他成分時,即可使混合物變稠。這也是貝克漢姆醬(「bechamel sauce」的起源Varenne 在1651年還出版了一本名為 「Le Cuisinier Francois」 的烹飪書
Volovan: 法國內斯勒的公爵夫人
SuzetteSuzette 是 Gal Prince 的情人
Melba:奧地利女高音 內莉梅爾巴Nellie Melba

To be continued… / 未完待續。。。

  • Or purchase An Introduction to French Cuisine and its History E-book / 直接購買「法國料理的介紹及歷史演變」電子書:

    Product description / 商品說明:
    You think taking a girl to a 3-dtarred Michelin restaurant makes you dope? With no knowledge and French dining etiquette, you’d still look like a peasant in front of a lady who appreciates French food. This E-book, “An Introduction to French Cuisine and its History,” will teach you everything from how French cuisine come to be, dining etiquette, famous French dishes, legendary French chefs, and how the Royalty dined in the 1900s /

  • 中文版 / Chinese version:
    你還以為帶一個女孩去吃米其林3星級法國餐廳餐就看起來很厲害嗎? 告訴你,不懂法國用餐禮儀跟一些知識,在真正懂吃法國餐的女士面前,你還是個沒水準的小屁孩。 這本「法國料理的介紹及歷史演變」電子書是殘編赴歐洲花大筆錢學的。它將教您一切,從法國菜的起源、用餐禮儀、著名的法國菜、傳奇的法國廚師,以及皇室在 1900 年代的用餐方式,讓你讀完便高水準的文明紳士。

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    An Introduction to French Cuisine and its History / 法國料理的介紹及歷史演變


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